Characteristic features of Brahmi
Description of the plant
   
 
       

 

     
 
 
 
 
 

The plant is a profusely branched herb, rooting at the nodes and forming dense mats. The leaves are fleshy. Flowering and fruiting occur throughout the year in brief, successive durations. The plant is diagrammatically represented in Fig. 2.1.

The salient botanical features are described below:

Stem:

  Prostrate, (sub)succulent, herbaceous.
 
Leaves:
  Decussate, simple, oblong, 1 x 0.4 cm, (sub)succulent, punctate, penninerved, margin entire, apex obtuse, (sub)sessile.
 
Flower(s):
  Axillary, solitary, bracteate (2 bracteoles), linear, pedicel to 0.5 cm., purple in color.
 
Calyx:
 

5 lobes (unequal); outer 2 lobes larger, ovate, 7 x 3.5 mm; inner 2 lobes linear, 5.5 x 0.7 mm; median 1 lobe oblong, 5.5 x 2 mm, imbricate, (sub)succulent, punctate, obtuse, acute.

 
Corolla:
  White with violet and green bands inside the throat, 0.8 cm across, 5 mm tube; 5 lobes, obscurely 2-lipped, 2+3, (sub)equal, obtuse or emarginate.
 
Stamens:
  4, didynamous; filament pairs I and 2.5 mm anthers oblong, contiguous, 1. 5 mm.
 
Ovary:
  Oblong-globose, 2 mm; style slightly deflexed, 5.5 mm; stigma flat capsule, oblong-globose, 5 x 2.5 mm, septicidal or locilicidal, or 4-valved.
 
Seeds:
  Oblong; testa striate.
 
     
     
 

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